Shaping an emerging field
In early 2020, ICDO founders Joshua Bongard (University of Vermont) and Michael Levin (Allen Discovery Center at Tufts University) were among the lead authors of a paper showcasing a remarkable achievement: the world's first computer-designed organism.
The New York Times called these tiny cell clusters, which could move and self-repair, "a new class of living robotics," with the potential to profoundly change science, medicine and our understanding of life itself.
Research teams from University of Vermont and
Tufts University build the first living robots
Just a few years ago, a machine designed by computer and constructed of living cells was the stuff of science fiction. Not anymore. Researchers at the Institute for Computationally Designed Organisms (ICDO) are creating living machines inspired by the designs and capabilities of biology and computing. These "biobots" are a new form of artificial intelligence—and they’re changing the world.
These researchers used artificial intelligence to design an 'animal robot' that has never existed
Xenobots are living, swimming, self-powered robots less than a millimeter across, evolved by artificial intelligence and built out of frog stem cells—and they could open new medical frontiers
Scientist presents the dynamics of living chiral crystals
A new vocabulary for life and machine learning
A scalable pipeline for designing novel organisms, such as xenobots